Family-run businesses are like elastic bands—they can be stretched only so far, in different directions, before tensions cause them to snap. Those who run family businesses know that stress can often be elevated by forces that don’t exist in non-family firms, from hiring obligations and bloodline silos to next-generation financial demands to under-performing family members. It’s one thing to discipline or even fire a stranger, quite another to turf a brother or daughter. For such businesses, finding a successful balance is an ongoing challenge.
So how can family-owned businesses avoid conflict and focus on growth? For a number of years I’ve been working with a company run by three brothers, each with their own family and their own unique take on strategy and succession planning. They have benefited tremendously by learning and practicing what I call the four Cs of strategy execution for owner-managed businesses:
From the outset, each co-owner needs to understand (and support) the others’ roles. These roles must be discussed at length, must be crystal clear to all involved and must be agreed upon.
If one co-owner can’t fulfill his/her role, clarity must be again used to map out what happens next. For example, one of the brother-owners of the company I’m helping needed to take time off for family reasons. The other two came together and decided to bring in a non-family member with the appropriate skills, rather than someone from within the family, as had been originally suggested. The new leader’s temporary role was then defined with clarity and agreement.
The familiarity that family members have with each other may not always have a positive effect on non-family employees. It’s very important to separate business from family, and family from business. Co-owners of family run businesses should agree on office boundaries, and develop communications protocols for interactions that occur not only behind closed doors, but also in the presence of non-family members. They must then hold themselves to the standards they’ve agreed upon.
Most family business owners place a high priority on securing the future for the next generation. To achieve this, they must commit to professionalizing themselves as managers and leaders. This means regular progress meetings and a renewed level of professionalism for the business and for each other.
They should also commit to being open to outside support to help guide resolution when tensions mount and hurdles are presented. Indeed, my clients have been able to break through blockages much sooner by working with our strategy execution experts to help align priorities and agree on strategies.
Perhaps most importantly, owners of family run businesses must have decision-making authority for their own area, and enough confidence in their fellow-owners to let them have the same authority. Trustworthiness always involves a leap of faith, but when it comes to families, and family-run businesses, the rewards can be worth the risk.
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The brother-owners I’ve worked with have encountered many challenges since taking over the business from their father in 1999. While competing ideas and interests at times continue to threaten the business, they’ve reached a common ground by adopting the Four Cs. By working together and managing conflict, they’re growing the business at 20% a year.
Fred Pidsadny is the founder and president of FOCUS Management, a consulting firm that has helped hundreds of clients of all sizes to improve performance and value by aligning teams and focusing on strategy execution excellence. He has enjoyed a 30-year career as a sought-after speaker, facilitator and advisor to business leaders across Canada and the United States.
MORE FAMILY BUSINESS INSIGHTS:
- 3 Tips for Avoiding a Fight Over Family Financing »
- Don’t Let Your Family Destroy Your Business »
- Too Many Family Businesses Have No Succession Plan »
- How to Revitalize the Family Business »
Do you agree? How do you ensure family dynamics don’t get in the way of growth? Share your thoughts and experiences using the comments section below.