A new survey by the Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada highlights the opportunities and challenges Canadian companies face while doing business in China.
APF Canada, a Vancouver-based non-profit think tank on Canada-Asia relations, launched the survey examining how Canadian companies perform in the world's most populous country as a follow-up to a 2010 study on the same topic.
A solid majority, 75% of respondents, reported profitability in their Chinese operations, on par with 76% in 2010. Exporters were the most profitable at 84%, followed by importers at 75% and companies with operations in China at 68%.
"China is rising," says Kenny Zhang, the report's author and a senior analyst with APF Canada. "It's not just an opportunity to sell your products into the Chinese market or buy something cheaper. There is a wide range of opportunities across the production chain for Canadian businesses to get involved."
That wide range of opportunities was certainly illustrated by the variety of sectors in which respondents operate. Manufacturers had the strongest showing, representing 20% of all surveyed, followed by professional services at 19% and hi-tech/IT and education, each at 8%.
While Canadian businesses of all sizes were included in the survey, companies earning less than $10 million in revenue in 2011 made up 58% of those polled. By comparison, 20% reported revenue of $100 million or above in 2011.
"The opportunities for SMEs in the Chinese market don't necessarily mean it will be an easy go," says Zhang. "There are many challenges, from cultural and legal perspectives to differences in business practices."
Of the entrepreneurs polled, 70% said doing business in China is more difficult than in other international markets. The top challenges respondents listed were China's intellectual property rules and practices, inconsistent interpretation of regulations and laws, and weak dispute-settlement mechanisms. Zhang suggests entrepreneurs looking at China "need to be aware and be prepared" by engaging professional service providers experienced in developing defensive marketing strategies.
The online survey was distributed to members of the Canada-China Business Council and businesses listed in Industry Canada's online database, and received 211 responses.
The full "Canadian Businesses in China Survey 2012" report can be downloaded here.